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M. Lawrence

DEMOCRACY vs. REPUBLIC

The U.S.A. is not a democracy
—It's a constitutional representative republic, and there's a big difference…


Democracy is:
Tyranny of the majority.
Mob rule.
51% voting to deny rights to 49%.
Two wolves and a lamb deciding what to eat for dinner…

  A republic is a representative form of government that is ruled according to a constitution (or charter) and a democracy is a government that is ruled according to the will of the majority. Although these forms of government are often confused, they are very different. The main difference between a republic and a democracy is the constitution or charter that limits power in a republic, to protect the individual's rights against the desires of the majority. In a true democracy, the majority rules in all cases—regardless of any consequences for individuals or for those who are not in the majority on an issue.

In 1787, at the close of the Constitutional Convention, on the final day of deliberation, someone asked Benjamin Franklin what kind of government our founders created. Franklin said, "A Republic, if you can keep it."

Franklin and the other founders knew that a Republic, which is rule by law, specifically the US Constitution, is the only way to provide the check and balance necessary to protect us from the "mob rule" of which Jefferson spoke.

In Article 4, section 4 of the U.S. Constitution we read:
"The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government".

What is a Republic? Is it a government based on law and elected representatives that examine issues and vote on our behalf. Supreme power resides in the citizens to vote in their representatives. The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the land.

There is a very good reason that our Pledge of Allegiance refers to our country as a Republic and there is a very good reason that our Declaration of Independence and our constitution do not even mention the word "democracy".

What did our founding fathers think of a democracy? Here is a comment from James Madison:

"Democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or rights of property; and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths."

Is our government under the Constitution of the United States a constitutional republic or a democracy? How many times is the term "democracy" used in the pledge of allegiance?

How many times is the term "democracy" used in the Constitution of the United States? It is not used once; not one single time. What does the Constitution guarantee?

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of government.... United States Constitution, Article IV, " 4.

Because we are a constitutional republic, we are a nation of laws wherein each individual's rights are to be protected. Everyone has equal rights under our constitutional republic. This is not the case under a democracy. In a democracy, the majority rules.

Many people think that because we vote our representatives into office by a democratic vote, we are a democracy. They also believe that Congress and/or the President can make any law they want once they are in office. Or, some people believe Congress and/or the President can make any law the majority wants them to make. That might be more or less the case in a democracy, but its not the case under our constitutional republic. The founding fathers made sure that the politicians did not get out of control once they were in office. By constitutional law, the founding fathers provided one more important step the elected politician must take before he takes office.

Once the individual is elected to an office, he cannot take that office until he is bound under oath or affirmation to support the Constitution. He has no constitutional authority to vote away the rights of one individual or group of individuals in favor of the majority. His oath or affirmation binds him to a duty to obey the Constitution which guarantees a republican form of government, and guarantees each individual equal protection under the law.

While the politicians and the news media might make it appear that if a big enough "gang" on one side of an issue gets their man elected, they can then exercise whatever power they choose. However, Thomas Jefferson said: In questions of power, then, let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution.

Who could be influencing the news media, the politicians and the public school systems to keep referring to our country as a democracy?  Regardless of who is responsible for misleading the American people, every time the news media or a politician refers to our country as a democracy, they should be taken to task.

Wikipedia describes the USA as follows:
The United States of America (USA or U.S.A.), commonly referred to as the United States (US or U.S.), America, or simply the States, is a federal republic.  —a constitutional republic.

    Direct from the CIA factbook: there are only 4 constitutional democracies: Ghana, Panama, Sierra Leone, and Suriname.

The difference between the two forms of government: a republic: Rule by Law vs. a democracy: Rule by Majority. While a republic is a government ruled by a Constitution -- a democracy is in essence mob rule.