This is a heavily Illustrated Guide for most aircraft
instruments. Required study for every World War II Pilot. During the war Bendix
manufactured about three quarters of all avionics in American aircraft (they
published this in 1943). Instruments were of absolute importance and a thorough
understanding was required by all pilots. Without instrument training and
proficiency the absolute best pilot is helpless in a vertigo situation seconds
after losing sight of the horizon.
For example, an account of a F6F Navy
Fighter Pilot?s experiences:
Immediately after shooting off the end of the carrier, I had no reference
but my instrument gauges glowing in the dark. For a moment, I experienced
intense vertigo. That soon passed as I locked my vision on the instruments...
— the sky was inky black with a low overcast and a light drizzle. It was a
very interesting join up of twelve planes in the dark, we were then over the
ocean, and you haven?t seen black until you see the ocean at night under an
Instrument training was doubtless the most important part of our basic
curriculum. Experience in combat underlined the necessity of flying at night and
under all weather conditions, and such missions required
operation of aircraft by instruments.
Navigation information was displayed on a group of instruments called the
basic or primary six, which included the attitude indicator, a vertical
speed indicator showing the rate of climb and descent, airspeed indicator,
turn-and-bank coordinator, a heading indicator showing the magnetic compass
course, and the altimeter.
- An aircraft can be flown remarkably accurately with the six basic flight
instruments, the basic principles for which were developed in the early 1930's.
During instrument flight, the pilot must guard against spatial disorientation,
or vertigo. This is caused by the motion-sensing organs of the inner ear
becoming confused during instrument flight. This requires that the pilot develop
a sense of reliance on the flight instruments and disregard other
indications of motion. And you?ve got to learn not only to interpret but also to
rely on your instruments.
Enjoy viewing all of our rare aviation manuals and documents online.
These training manuals will give the history of the
aircraft and walk you through all systems and operations; They are an absolute
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WWII Principles and Operation of Aircraft Instruments:
Bendix Aviation Corp., Pioneer Instrument
Division (1943) .
This was the ultimate reference manual. Required reading by all Pilots. A wealth of information. Multiple sections include
detailed information on flight instruments as well as the navigation
and engine instruments. This manual includes a large number of illustrations,
many color. A fascinating study into World
War II aviation.
WWII pilots, B-17 B-24 B-25 P-38 P-40 P-51 etc.
View: Original 1943 / Aircraft Instruments: Fundamentals of Operation and Principal Uses